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Red Wine Grape Varieties

Time:2019-12-10 08:37wine - Red wine life health Click:

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White Wine Grape Varieties


This is a popular Italian grape variety, and is known for its high yielding capabilities, deep color and lower level of . It is thought to have originated around the 13th century near Piedmont, Italy.

Australia, Argentina and California are the most notable regions for this grape outside of Italy.

When the wines are young, they offer an intense aroma of fresh red and blackberries, while in the lighter versions, notes of cherries, raspberries and blueberries will be found. In wines made from riper grapes, notes of blackberry and black cherries are evident.


Barbera grapes

Cabernet Franc      

Cabernet Franc is mainly grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, especially in Bordeaux. This is a major grape variety grown in many regions of the world, and it makes a light style of red wine when made on its own.

It is similar to Cabernet Sauvignon in many ways, except it ripens a few weeks earlier, which allows it to thrive in cooler climates, such as in the Loire Valley. The wines are slightly less pigmented, but still have a similar richness with a pronounced perfume and hints of blackcurrants, raspberries and violets.

Many boutique wineries in South Africa have embraced the variety, while in Chile and Argentina, acreages are increasing all the time.


Cabernet Franc grapes

Cabernet Sauvignon      

This variety is the king of kings when it comes to red wines. As the most recognized of red grape varieties, it is grown in all major wine producing countries in the world, even in some whose climate may not seem at first to be ideal, such as Canada.

The variety is a cross between two popular varieties, Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon Blanc. It is a very hardy vine, and the grapes are resistant to frost and rot due to their thick skins.

In Bordeaux, Cabernet Sauvignon is frequently blended with Cabernet Franc and Merlot, and sometimes Malbec, whereas in most other countries, the wine is made just as a single variety. The use of oak, either during fermentation or for aging in barrels, is widely carried out, and allows the wine to develop unique vanilla wood flavors to complement the blackcurrant flavors within the grape.


Cabernet Sauvignon grapes


The Gamay grape is thought to have got its name from a hamlet belonging to the village of Saint-Aubine, near Puligny-Montrachet. Its most notable growing region is in Beaujolais as well as in the Loire Valley, it is also the grape of the Beaujolais nouveau.

It's quite a heavy-cropping variety with grape bunches more or less tightly-packed according to variety. The variety which concerns us is the white-juiced black Gamay which, growing on the granite soils of the Beaujolais hills, produces attractive, delicate and aromatic red wines (though on the clay-limestone soils of the Câte d'Or it yields only rougher wines). The red wines of the Mâconnais and Beaujolais owe their reputation to this plant.


Gamay grapes


Thought to have originated in northern Spain, Grenache is another extremely widely planted red grape variety all over the world. Due to its late ripening, it needs hot, dry conditions to flourish, as those in Spain and the south of France. In the United States, the variety found favor in the early days of the Californian wine industry. Australia also has considerable plantings of this high yielding grape.

With such high natural sugar levels, Grenache is often used in fortified wines, such as Banyuls in France, and also in Australia.

As it is prone to be lacking in adequate acidity, color and tannin, the variety is normally used in blendings, with varieties likes, Syrah, Cinsault and Tempranillo. Due to its lower acids and soft structure, the the grape has a tendency to during winemaking.


Grenache grapes


Malbec grapes are inky dark in color with robust , and are permitted to be used in Bordeaux blends. Growers in Argentina are consistently valuing this variety very highly, as they are achieving success with their own wines. Chile is also keen on the Malbec grape outside of France.

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